Re: Is Tolkien antiurban?
Sorry to come to this debate rather late, but I've just read Tolkien's essay "On Fairy-Stories" (1938-9). Although I agree with a lot of the points he makes, there are a number of places within the essay where he demonstrates a distinctly anti-urban, conservative bias. To give one example, he takes several paragraphs to explain why he doesn't like electric street lighting!
So although I don't want to come in on one side or the other, not knowing enough about the details, there is some clear evidence, from Tolkien's own hand, that he was opposed to industrial development. Not necessarily a bad thing, of course, but ...